Directive 2014/30/EU (the “EMC Directive”) sets out requirements for equipment in order to ensure that it complies with an adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility. This is to ensure protection against electromagnetic disturbance. The EMC Directive establishes essential requirements relating to electromagnetic compatibility, labelling requirements, conformity procedures and other obligations.
If you manufacture, import or distribute equipment, you must comply with the requirements of the EMC Directive. You must also comply with national laws and regulations in Member States which implement the EMC Directive.
This material is for informational purposes, and you should not take it as a substitute for legal advice. We encourage you to consult your legal counsel for any concerns about the laws and regulations relating to your product, as well as to consult the national laws and regulations transposing the Directive 2014/30/EU.
The EMC Directive applies to equipment. Equipment is (i) either a single functional unit sold to an end user and liable to generate electromagnetic disturbance or whose performance could be affected by electromagnetic disturbance (defined as “apparatus”) and (ii) combinations of such units (and potentially other devices) that are assembled, installed and intended to be used permanently at a predefined location (defined as a “fixed installation”).
There are some exceptions, including: aeronautical products, radio equipment used by radio amateurs, and custom-built evaluation kits intended for professionals to be used solely at research and development facilities for such purposes.
The EMC Directive sets out obligations for manufacturers, authorised representatives, importers and distributors.
Declaration of Conformity and CE marking:
A manufacturer’s responsibilities include the following:
An importer’s responsibilities include ensuring the following:
Manufacturers and importers of equipment must keep a copy of the technical documentation and a copy of the declaration of conformity for 10 years after the equipment has been offered for sale or supply.
A distributor’s responsibilities include:
Manufacturers and importers must ensure that the equipment bears:
Distributor responsibilities include verifying that the equipment bears a CE mark, a type, batch or serial number, or other element allowing its identification, and the manufacturer and importer details.
Where it is not possible for this information to be on the equipment itself, the above information should be on its packaging or a document accompanying the equipment. In addition, proper instructions, safety information and the Declaration of Conformity must accompany the electrical equipment.
The above information should be in a language that can be easily understood by end users and market surveillance authorities.
Manufacturers, importers and distributors should immediately take the corrective measures necessary to bring equipment into conformity, or withdraw or recall it, as appropriate.
When the equipment presents a risk, manufacturers, importers and distributors should immediately inform the competent national authorities of the Member States where it was sold, along with details of the non-conformity and of any corrective measures taken.
Manufacturers, importers and distributors should provide a competent national authority with all the information and documentation, in paper or electronic form, necessary to demonstrate the conformity of the equipment with the EMC Directive, following a reasoned request.
We strongly encourage you to visit the European Commission’s website for more information on the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive: