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This article applies to selling in: United Kingdom

Plant Protection Products Regulation

Regulation 1107/2009 (the “Plant Protection Products Regulation”) sets out the rules for the authorisation, sale, use and control of plant protection products (“PPP”, which are the most common type of pesticide), amongst other things, within the European Union.

It is your responsibility to comply with the Plant Protection Products Regulation. This material is for informational purposes only. It is not intended as legal advice. We encourage you to consult your legal counsel if you have questions about the laws and regulations concerning your product. In this regard, note that the Plant Protection Products Regulation has direct effect, but Member States are competent for laying down penalties, and for enforcing them.

What is a plant protection product (PPP)?

PPPs are ‘pesticides’ that protect crops or desirable or useful plants. A common example of a PPP is a weed killer.

To be a PPP, the product must contain at least one active substance and must have one of the following functions:

  • Protect plants or plant products against pests/diseases, before or after harvest,
  • Influence the life processes of plants (such as substances influencing their growth, excluding nutrients),
  • Preserve plant products, or
  • Destroy or prevent growth of undesired plants or parts of plants.

PPPs are primarily used in the agricultural sector, but can also be used in forestry, horticulture, amenity areas and home gardens.

Where do PPPs need to be registered?

A PPP must be registered in the relevant Member State before it can be sold. A PPP cannot be registered if it contains unauthorised active substances.

Packaging, labelling and advertising PPPs

A PPP must be packaged in a way that minimises the likelihood of it being mistaken for food, drink or feed. The packaging should also contain components to discourage or prevent the PPP from being consumed.

PPP labels should comply with both the CLP (Regulation 1272/2008) (which includes the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) and Regulation 547/2011 (on labelling requirements for PPPs). Requirements under Regulation 547/2011 include labelling the following:

  • The trade name or designation of the PPP;
  • The name and address of the authorisation holder, the authorisation number of the PPP and, if different, the name and address of the person responsible for the final packaging and/or labelling of the PPP; and
  • Certain specified information on active substances; and
  • The categories of users allowed to use the PPP, in cases where use of the PPP is limited (for example, where it is restricted to professional users).

PPPs generally require safety phrases to be included on the product, which may vary based on the type of PPP. See Regulation 547/2011 for more details.

Please note that there may be specific language requirements for the PPP that are set out by Member States on a national level. In addition, you should ensure that you comply with any applicable PPP advertising requirements.


Manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, importers and exporters of PPPs must keep records of those PPPs for at least 5 years. The relevant information contained in these records must be available to the competent authority on request.

Additional information

We strongly encourage you to visit the following websites for more information on the Plant Protection Products Regulation:

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