Directive 2014/35/EU (the “LVD”) sets out requirements relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits, in order to provide for a high level of protection of health and safety of persons, and of domestic animals and property. The requirements include safety objectives for the design and manufacture of electrical equipment, labelling requirements, the applicable conformity assessment procedures. The LVD also sets out obligations of manufacturers, importers and distributors.
If you manufacture, import or distribute electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage ranges, you will need to comply with the requirements of the LVD.
It is your responsibility to comply with the Low Voltage Directive. You must also comply with national laws and regulations in Member States, which implement the LVD. This material is for informational purposes only. It is not intended as legal advice. We encourage you to consult your legal counsel if you have questions about the laws and regulations concerning your product.
The LVD applies to electrical equipment designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1,000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1,500 V for direct current. There are some types of electrical equipment and phenomena that are outside of the scope of the LVD (for example, plugs and socket outlets for domestic use). A full list of electrical equipment not within scope can be found in Annex II of the LVD.
Examples of electrical equipment covered by the LVD are: household appliances, cables, power supply units and laser equipment.
The LVD sets out obligations for manufacturers, authorized representatives, importers and distributors of electrical equipment.
Declaration of Conformity and CE marking:
Manufacturers and importers must keep a copy of the technical documentation and declaration of conformity for 10 years after the electrical equipment has been placed on the market.
Labelling and information:
Manufacturers and importers must ensure that the electrical equipment bears:
Where it is not possible for this information to be on the electrical equipment itself, the above information should be on its packaging or a document accompanying the electrical equipment.
In addition, the electrical equipment must be accompanied by instructions, safety information and the Declaration of Conformity. This information should be in a language that can be easily understood by end-users and market surveillance authorities.
Distributors are required to exercise due care in relation to selling electrical equipment in the EU. This can include verifying that the equipment bears a CE marking and that the equipment is accompanied with appropriate documents for end users.
Manufacturers, importers and distributors should immediately take the corrective measures necessary to bring electrical equipment into conformity, to withdraw or to recall it, as appropriate.
Where the electrical equipment presents a risk, manufacturers, importers and distributors should immediately inform the competent national authorities of the Member States where it was sold, giving details, in particular, of the non-conformity and of any corrective measures taken.
Manufacturers, importers and distributors should provide a competent national authority with all the information and documentation, in paper or electronic form, necessary to demonstrate the conformity of the electrical equipment with the LVD, following a reasoned request.
We strongly encourage you to visit the European Commission’s website for more information on the Low Voltage Directive: